Patient Information

Cavovarus foot


What is a Cavovarus Foot Deformity?

Cavovarus foot is a deformity of the foot that is characterised by a high arch and a turned-in heel. It can lead to difficulty walking, pain and instability. The condition is caused by abnormal foot mechanics that can be present from birth or can develop over time.

Normal (Left) vs Cavovarus Foot (Right)

Risk Factors

Cavovarus foot can be caused by many different factors, including genetics, nerve or muscle disorders, and trauma to the foot. People with certain medical conditions such as cerebral palsy, clubfoot, muscular dystrophy, or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are at an increased risk of developing cavovarus foot. Additionally, certain types of foot injuries or surgeries can lead to the development of this condition.


  • Difficulty walking
  • Pain or discomfort in the foot or ankle
  • Instability or clumsiness while walking
  • Recurrent ankle sprains
  • Calluses or corns on the foot
  • Deformed or twisted appearance of the foot in severe cases
  • Difficulty fitting into shoes


The diagnosis of cavovarus foot is typically made by a healthcare professional, usually an Orthopaedic Surgeon. A physical examination will be performed, and the individual's medical history will be reviewed. X-ray Imaging and in some cases CT scans or MRI may be ordered to help evaluate the structure of the foot.  Diagnosing the cause is very important.


Treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and the individual's symptoms. Non-surgical treatments may include custom orthotics, physiotherapy or wearing special shoes. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the foot deformity. Surgical options may include tendon transfers, bone cuts (osteotomy), or rarely joint fusion.

It is important to seek medical review if you suspect you may have cavovarus foot, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life. If you would like to book an appointment, please contact us here.

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